Resilient Positioning, Navigation and Timing (RPNT)

What is Resilient PNT?

Resilient positioning, navigation and timing (RPNT) is the convergence of positioning, navigation and timing technology with non-traditional and emerging technology to improve the reliability, performance and safety of mission-critical applications in the air, on land and in the sea. Resilient PNT solutions are used where even the smallest discrepancy in data accuracy, availability and stability can result in a mission failure, loss of life, or battlefield disadvantages, and significant economic loss.

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resilient GNSS diagram

Beyond the limitations of GPS

Although GPS and GNSS in general are the most established and primary PNT reference sources, they have well-known vulnerabilities and limitations that require protection and mitigation:

  • GPS and GNSS signals are easily disrupted by unintentional interference from radio transmitters
  • GPS and GNSS signals are extremely weak, cannot penetrate buildings and can easily be jammed
  • Civilian GPS and GNSS signals are not encrypted and can easily be spoofed

The world’s most critical applications rely on resilient positioning, navigation and timing

The need for PNT solutions with integrity and trust extends to commercial applications as well, to support critical homeland security and homeland infrastructure systems such as communications networks, financial systems and power grids. There is a global need, across all industries, for highly accurate positioning, navigation and timing data to improve the reliability, performance and safety of these critical, remote and often high-risk operations.

To ensure the highest levels of data integrity, the underlying PNT technologies, products and systems must be resilient.

What would happen without resilient PNT?

UAV with lost communication link
Ship with no rescue beacon
Family with scrambled TV signal
Driverless car without nav signal

Why Orolia?

As PNT experts with a deep and rich history in critical timing and synchronization, Orolia works aggressively to integrate assured positioning, navigation and timing technologies into all our products. Solutions to detect and mitigate interference are part of our core DNA.

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Our solutions include:

  • GPS and GNSS technology covering all satellite-based time and positioning signals including encrypted military SAASM and M-Code receivers, GPS, Galileo, GLONASS, IRNSS, and QZSS.
  • In-house time and frequency equipment manufacturing that include compact Rubidium standards and space-qualified Hydrogen Maser standards.
  • High-power satellite-based technology STL (Satellite Time and Location) that penetrates buildings, obstructions and is resilient to jammers, which can be used as a secure signal of opportunity to complement GPS and other GNSS satellite signals. These make each application more accurate, secure and less prone to interference and attack.
  • BroadShield jamming and spoofing detection systems that use over 75 proven detection algorithms to detect interference and spoofing within the GPS signal and GPS spectrum.
  • Alternative PNT signals and Signals of Opportunity receivers leveraging available signals such as eLORAN to increase the probability of maintaining accurate PNT information.
  • Vulnerability test systems that can evaluate the effects of interference, jamming and spoofing on systems that rely on GNSS signals.
  • Integration of various inertial sensors including MEMS-based and FOG-based sensors that offer a level of stand-alone performance in the absence of GPS references for position and navigation systems.
  • Hardened products that extend into harsh tactical operational environments and are resistant to cyber attacks.
  • Smarter use of the entire PNT ecosystem, including feature-rich GPS reception hardware and intelligent software techniques, reception from multiple constellations, multi-frequency signals, and augmentation systems.
PNT signals

Whenever safety, security and reliability are critical, Orolia leads the way

Orolia provides the Resilient PNT building blocks that are vital to mission critical applications. By integrating GNSS with proven existing technologies, we have created a comprehensive ecosystem of resilient PNT solutions trusted by thousands of customers. We improve the reliability, performance and safety of critical and remote operations to help customers secure, localize and navigate people or objects in challenging environments.

Resilient PNT Solutions
Resources

Application Notes

More Info
The US global military GPS-GNSS devices market is expected to increase to $2.8 billion by 2027, and $25.7 billion globally. The result of all this growth has been equipment that is lighter, more capable, with faster processing and a small form factor, and low SWAP (Size, Weight, and Power).  This growth means specific challenges that the military must address to remain competitive. Applications needs zero failure, dual redundancy equipment that sustains and extends capabilities, in and out of denied environments.
pdf - 6 MB
Monday, December 4, 2017
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Brochures

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Navigation warfare (NAVWAR) is an increasing area of focus for military missions, and it includes a wide range of Electronic Warfare strategies. One of the fastest-growing threats worldwide is GPS/GNSS signal jamming and spoofing. 
pdf - 2 MB
Friday, October 11, 2019
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The world’s most GPS/GNSS reliant systems trust Orolia for mission assurance when failure is not an option.
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Wednesday, October 23, 2019
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Case Studies

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A customer with a major datacenter facility was experiencing issues with GNSS interference affecting its timing systems.  This case study describes the solution, using a low-cost anti-jam antenna.
pdf - 753 KB
Tuesday, July 16, 2019
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More Info
A naval customer needed to ensure resilience against threats to critical oceanic data for safe navigation and situational awareness in the naval battlespace. Military operations at sea pose extreme challenges as environmental factors impact Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) reliant systems.
pdf - 194 KB
Monday, June 17, 2019
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More Info
A military aviation customer needed an ultra-precise, real time network timing and synchronization solution to maintain accurate system synchronization on a global basis. For use in deployable communications systems, this network solution would be used to support mission critical air, land and sea operations on a continuous basis, anywhere in the world.
pdf - 196 KB
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
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Wednesday, March 22, 2017
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More Info
Accurate and resilient timing is essential for critical applications worldwide. Timing is the fundamental requirement to synchronize operations. Yet it can be challenging to establish and maintain accurate timing in multiple locations and in GNSS-compromised environments.
Offisite File
Friday, June 19, 2020
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More Info
A leading defense contractor needed a mobile, rugged mission timing and sync reference that could distribute accurate timing to network devices onboard tactical vehicles. Specifically, they needed a device that could provide mission timing accuracy 24 hours per day in hostile, GPS-denied environments. The device would be part of a major C4ISR program for operational battlefield management capability for an Allied nation, and would be integrated into a continuous operations platform for situational awareness.
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Wednesday, March 18, 2020
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Compliance Documents

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Wednesday, February 12, 2020
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Datasheets

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BroadSense is a GPS jamming and spoofing detection sensor designed to provide realtime and historical situational awareness data. Utilizing sophisticated GNSS receivers and patented jamming and spoofing detection algorithms, BroadSense can detect when the GPS signal or GPS spectrum is compromised.
pdf - 977 KB
Thursday, May 7, 2020
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BroadShield’s algorithms are carefully designed to detect interference and anomolies within the GPS signal and GPS spectrum. Orolia Defense & Security will work with product manufacturers to provide a software solution that can conform to the needs of your hardware.
pdf - 968 KB
Friday, January 3, 2020
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More Info
GPSdome is a small-sized, add-on device that provides protection against GPS
jamming, ensuring continuity of autonomous navigation and operation during
jamming conditions. No other solution that offers such protection is as small, light,
affordable or as easily installed as GPSdome. - GPSdome 1.02B DS-O Rev. 2.3.2
pdf - 546 KB
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
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BroadShield is an option that integrates over 75 GPS jamming and spoofing detection algorithms into the SecureSync Precision Time and Frequency Platform.
pdf - 424 KB
Wednesday, September 26, 2018
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More Info
STL (Satellite, Time & Location) is a revolutionary source for precision time broadcast from the Iridium® satellites constellation. Orolia has partnered with Satelles to integrate this signal into the SecureSync platform, providing a secure and accurate timing reference that can augment or take the place of GPS in RF denied environments. STL
pdf - 383 KB
Monday, March 25, 2019
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More Info
GPS Jamming and Spoofing Data, Detection, and Protection
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Monday, February 17, 2020
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More Info
The VersaPNT combines a GNSS receiver, inertial measurement technology and high-performance timing oscillators to provide Assured PNT in GNSS-degraded and denied environments.
pdf - 389 KB
Monday, June 17, 2019
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Orolia’s VersaSync with IDM Suite is a low SWAP, high-performance Mission Timing and Synchronization device featuring a GNSS master clock and a military network time server.
pdf - 202 KB
Friday, October 25, 2019
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Orolia’s VersaSync with IDM Suite is a low SWAP, high-performance Mission Timing and Synchronization device featuring a GNSS master clock and a military network time server.
pdf - 198 KB
Friday, October 25, 2019
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Infographic

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Infographic sumarizes the features of STL as a GNSS alternative, or complementary, signal.  JPG version.
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Wednesday, January 31, 2018
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Infographic sumarizes the features of STL as a GNSS alternative, or complementary, signal.  PDF version.
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Wednesday, February 7, 2018
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Other

pdf - 391 KB
Wednesday, April 12, 2017
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VersaPNT provides virtually failsafe battlefield navigation, even in GPS-denied environments, to protect critical networks with Assured PNT technology.
pdf - 339 KB
Monday, October 9, 2017
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Presentations and Articles

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Signals from Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), are very weak and usually cannot be seen indoors or underground. A common method to overcome the problem of receiving GNSS signals indoors or underground is to use a GPS/GNSS repeater with an antenna located outdoors to receive the GNSS signals and an amplifier/antenna to re-transmit the signal indoors. This paper describes the technologies and methods for creating an intelligent repeater system including time synchronization at the nanosecond, microsecond, and millisecond levels, how each synchronization level affects the overall system and methods for achieving each, power level considerations including power level requirements between zones and how they affect transitions from one zone to another, data transfer and example system configurations. While GPS is primarily demonstrated and tested, the possibility for adding other GNSS constellations such as QZSS, BeiDou, Galileo, and GLONASS are also presented.
pdf - 270 KB
Wednesday, November 18, 2015
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More Info
STL is a new satellite-based time and location service for augmenting GPS to combat jamming and spoofing. Its higher power signal opens the possibility to sync indoor synchronization and timing systems without the need for a rooftop antenna system. This content was first presented at several conferences starting in January 2017 including ATIS's Workshop on Time Sync in Financial Markets, "Time & Money" and ION's Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications (PTTI).
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Thursday, January 26, 2017
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More Info

This article was originally presented at the 2014 PTTI conference. It describes various approaches to a disciplining algorithm to detect and mitigate the effect of GNSS spoofing on precision time signals.


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Monday, December 1, 2014
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More Info

Slides from the GPS World webinar “Defense PNT in Challenged Environments” hosted on June 21, 2018, and presented by Jon Fischer and Jon Sinden. This webinar discusses the reliance of GPS in modern land-warfare systems, the potential effects of GPS disruption on their operation and considerations for protecting their ability to continue operating in a GPS-disrupted environment. View the slides presented by Orolia or click here to register and watch the webinar on demand.


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Wednesday, July 18, 2018
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Wednesday, November 29, 2017
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System Diagrams

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A graphical representation of approaches to references for position, navigation and timing
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Saturday, September 26, 2015
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Technical Notes and Briefs

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Product Brief describing eLoran as a SecureSync timing reference.
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Friday, July 15, 2016
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White Papers

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Positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) services are indispensable, and providing trusted, resilient PNT solutions requires us to look beyond individual systems and methodologies to focus upon the user. An architecture that can meet this demand must include multiple systems with diverse technologies so that any single threat or source of disruption can be mitigated. This document discusses how signaling technologies such as GNSS, eLoran and STL are the complementary components of this architecture.
pdf - 583 KB
Wednesday, May 9, 2018
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More Info
Today's time sensitive networks rely on available and accurate positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) signals to provide leaders with the information required to make timely and effective decisions. The proliferation of GNSS-degrading and denying devices across state and non-state actors put this critical information capability in jeopardy. Learn how a combination of alternative PNT signals with traditional GNSS references makes PNT applications resilient against jamming and spoofing.
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Friday, May 11, 2018
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More Info
Military forces need GPS to provide critical, precise information, but GPS is vulnerable and can be exploited. This white paper from C4ISRNET discusses how preparation and countermeasures can assure forces maintain critical capabilities.
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Wednesday, April 15, 2020
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More Info

GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) is key to effective situational awareness, providing critical Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) telemetry data for mobile military operations. Yet GPS/GNSS jamming and spoofing attacks are on the rise.

The disruption of GNSS for increasing periods of time through jamming/ spoofing must now be an essential test component in most test scenarios today. How can you still provide reliable Time-Space Position Information (TSPI) during periods of GNSS denial?

This white paper identifies technologies, best practices and strategies for GNSS jamming/spoofing detection and protection systems, and testing protocols to maintain a state of PNT readiness.


Offisite File
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
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More Info
This Orolia Tech Brief explores the basic steps for maintaining security using a network-connected time server and looks at different ways to achieve resiliency in PNT. As an example, we will start with our SecureSync® Time Server product line to demonstrate how to maintain security with this network-connected device.
pdf - 351 KB
Friday, February 22, 2019
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More Info
Reliance on GNSS is now commonplace. However, all GNSS systems share a common vulnerability: their signals are very weak. GNSS satellites operate from Mid-Earth Orbit (MEO), approximately 20,000-25,000 km above the earth, to provide the best coverage and geometry for triangulation. As such, the transmitted signal is extremely weak upon arrival at the surface of the earth – so weak that it is weaker than the surrounding radio noise. Special signal processing techniques recover the GNSS signal from the background noise, but the weak signal strength at the user’s receivers makes GNSS navigation very susceptible to interference.
pdf - 641 KB
Tuesday, July 2, 2019
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More Info
Military communications and intelligence-collection functions, traditionally associated with fixed sites and large platforms, are being pushed to tactical vehicles and sophisticated Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles (UAVs). This results in more C5ISR systems being installed on mobile platforms. Whether in the air, on land, or at sea, these vehicles will impart shocks and vibrations to their electronics, sometimes severely. In high vibration environments, the system designer must account for induced phase noise which can drastically affect overall performance. This white paper discusses the challenges of keeping low noise signals pure in any environment.
pdf - 903 KB
Wednesday, August 22, 2018
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