Product Documents & Files

Typesort descending Title Date
Technical Notes and Briefs: Swiss Space Atomic Clock Technologies and Applications in Space Science pdf - 753 KB
Saturday, February 1, 2014
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Technical Notes and Briefs: In-Field Coax Connector Test Using the Path Align-R A Path Align-R test set can be used in lieu of expensive cable sweeping equipment. Simply attach the Path Align-R to each end of the connectorized coax and measure the “Cable Loss” at the specific frequency the cable will see during operation. Also, if more than one coax is going to be attached to the tower, you can compare the “Cable Loss” of each coax before they are installed. pdf - 205 KB
Thursday, May 3, 2012
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Technical Notes and Briefs: SB S1840502-25-01 Rev02 Kit Mounting bracket Compact - Strap Replacement Rev 02 – Issue March 25/2020, inserted March 27/2020 pdf - 679 KB
Wednesday, March 25, 2020
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Passive Maser Performance & Lifetime Space Passive Hydrogen Maser- Performance and lifetime data. pdf - 1021 KB
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Programming Interfaces for Automation and Remote Control for GSG Series Simulators One of the benefits of Orolia GSG Series GPS/GNSS simulators is that it does not require any external controller and can operate for 31 days continuously (longer if the unit is connected to the internet). However, there are many situations where remote control from an external program is helpful and required when integrating GPS signals with other test parameters. GSG simulators can be connected to a PC using Ethernet, GPIB or USB. A SCPI command set allows for remote control and integration into test systems. pdf - 137 KB
Monday, December 31, 2018
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Aligning Antenna Links Using Frequencies Outside of the Path Align-R Band Range An antenna system whose link frequency is designed outside the frequency band edge of the Path Align-R can still have its path alignment correctly adjusted, as long as the antenna system uses a waveguide which can operate at both the link frequency and a nearby frequency covered by the Path Align-R. pdf - 539 KB
Thursday, May 3, 2012
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Technical Notes and Briefs: SB S1820511-25-01 Rev01 Mounting Bracket AS - Strap Replacement Rev 01 – Issue March 20/2020, inserted March 27/2020 pdf - 2 MB
Friday, March 20, 2020
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Lifetime of Space Passive Hydrogen Maser Accurate and ultra-stable space qualified atomic clocks represent critical equipment for the precision Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). The Passive Hydrogen Maser (PHM), with its excellent frequency stability performance, is the master clock for European Navigation satellite payload, and is the most stable clock ever flown for GNSS. pdf - 500 KB
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Technical Notes and Briefs: NTP over Anycast Spectracom NTP services, implemented in its SecureSync and NetClock 9400 platforms, are compatible with an Anycast routing scheme. The NTP over Anycast feature is a combination of the time server’s ability to associate one of its network ports to an Anycast IP address and to remove itself as an available time source if there is a problem with its reference. pdf - 170 KB
Thursday, September 25, 2014
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Technical Notes and Briefs: A Summary of References for the Design of Microwave Links Here is a summary of wireless supporting information useful in the design and management of microwave links. pdf - 225 KB
Sunday, May 3, 2015
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Technical Notes and Briefs: iSource+ Rubidium Clock Lifetime and MTBF Data LPFRS / RMO / STARLPRO / LNRClok / GRClok Rubidium Clock Lifetime and MTBF pdf - 256 KB
Saturday, November 1, 2014
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Periodic inspection of Kannad 406 ELTs: S18XX502-25-12 Rev 06 Rev 06 – Issue Mar. 16/2020 pdf - 612 KB
Monday, March 16, 2020
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Technical Notes and Briefs: GPS Receiver Mobile Mode Operation Starting with Tsync-PCIe firmware Release version 2.0.0, all TSync-PCIe timing boards that contain an internal GPS receiver have the capability of operating in either the factory default “Standard” mode (Also known as the “Stationary” mode) or can instead be programmed to operate in the available “Mobile” mode (also known as “Continuous” mode). pdf - 151 KB
Tuesday, November 15, 2011
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Technical Notes and Briefs: 2018 KANNAD ELT MAINTENANCE POLICY pdf - 137 KB
Tuesday, January 23, 2018
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Technical Notes and Briefs: GPS Radiation Considerations When using a Spectracom GSG series GPS/GNSS signal generator with an optional antenna, one must consider regulations controlling the radiation of GPS-like signals into the air. This document describes the analysis for limiting these signals according to United States requirements. pdf - 205 KB
Thursday, May 3, 2012
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Path Align-R Field Verification Check The following operational checks of the Path Align-R™ may be made by personnel in the field to confirm proper operation of both Path Align-R™ units, their coax cables and the waveguide adapters (transitions). This confirmation may be made prior to climbing the towers or whenever an operational confidence check needs to be made in the field, without access to test equipment or electronic technicians. pdf - 345 KB
Thursday, May 3, 2012
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Time Server Port Isolation for Secure Networks When leveraging a single master clock / time server across several network segments there are various approaches to port isolation: software isolation, or hardware isolation via multiple processors, unidirectional communication of timing data, or electrical isolation by using fiber optics. pdf - 68 KB
Tuesday, December 23, 2014
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Technical Notes and Briefs: iSync+ Lifetime & MTBF Performance pdf - 174 KB
Friday, August 1, 2008
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Technical Notes and Briefs: iSource+ RMO Mounting AppNote Rubidium Master Oscillator (RMO) Mounting Recommendations for Optimal Heat Sink pdf - 384 KB
Monday, December 10, 2018
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Periodic inspection of Compact and Integra ELT: S18XX501-25-01 Rev01 Rev 01 – Issue Mar. 16/2020 pdf - 706 KB
Monday, March 16, 2020
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Synchronizing Windows Computers The purpose of this document is to provide detailed information on synchronizing Windows 7, 2008, 2003 and 2000 Stand-Alone PCs and Domain Controllers, as well as Windows 7, 2008, 2003, VISTA, XP, 2000, NT, 98 and 95 clients with a Spectracom NTP time server. pdf - 2 MB
Tuesday, February 21, 2012
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Technical Notes and Briefs: A Guide for Testers of GPS Devices and Systems What you want to know about GPS for testers of GPS devices and systems. pdf - 233 KB
Monday, December 31, 2018
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Galileo GIOVE Atomic Rubidium & Passive Maser Clocks The Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element (GIOVE) is an experiment led by the European Space Agency (ESA) aimed at supporting the on-going implementation of Galileo, the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). pdf - 947 KB
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Time Synchronization for Secure Networks using Fiber Government and military networks often utilize the concept of unclassified (black) networks vs classified (red) networks to manage levels of information security. Since a complete “air-gap” around a highly sensitive network is not practical, every data connection is evaluated as a security risk. To synchronize a master source of time on a red network, Spectracom offers a fiber optical IRIG time code link between a SecureSync master-slave pair to offer high accuracy timing to a classified network while satisfying the requirements of SIPRNET, NIPRNET and other ultra-secure network systems. pdf - 254 KB
Thursday, May 8, 2014
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Technical Notes and Briefs: How to Use SecureSync Unit as timing reference and distribution system to be used as a GPS timing receiver for synchronizing the GSG8. Notes for using a SecureSync Unit for a timing reference in conjunction with the GSG-8 pdf - 3 MB
Friday, March 19, 2021
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Technical Notes and Briefs: LPFRS Failure Rate Failure rate data for the Spectratime LPFRS timing module. pdf - 167 KB
Tuesday, November 16, 2004
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Technical Notes and Briefs: GPS Week Rollover Issues - Public Safety Products PDF - 124 KB
Monday, December 31, 2018
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Technical Notes and Briefs: Reminder on ELT battery replacement requirements: SL S18XX50X-25-03 Rev 00 – Issue Feb. 10/2016 pdf - 426 KB
Wednesday, February 10, 2016
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Visio: 9300 Series NetClock and Related Time Sync Products Visio Shapes Visio shapes for NetClock model 9383, 9389, 9388 and other related time synchronization products. vss - 2 MB
Friday, August 3, 2012
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Visio: Broadcast Network Sync Visio Shapes Vizio shapes for Spectracom synchronization and test products and other network elements typically found in a synchronized digital broadcast network. vss - 182 KB
Friday, August 3, 2012
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Visio: NetClock 9300 Series Rear Panel Visio Shapes Visio shape line drawings of 9383, 9389, 9388 rear panels. vss - 631 KB
Friday, August 3, 2012
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Visio: NetClock 9483 and Accessories Visio Shapes Visio shapes for NetClock 9483 popular configurations - front and rear panels - with typical add-on products. VSS - 570 KB
Monday, October 21, 2013
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Visio: SecureSync Visio Shapes A couple of Visio shapes for the SecureSync modular time and frequency reference system. vss - 36 KB
Thursday, July 11, 2013
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White Papers: Why Time Synchronization Is Critical for Improving Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) When 911 dispatch and other recording systems employ synchronized time solutions, the improved data records deliver measurable life-saving differences in their communities and provide the potential for reduced insurance rates. This white paper discusses key benefits to implementing a Legally Traceable Time® architecture. pdf - 952 KB
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
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White Papers: Time for Data Centers to Consider Time as a Service If you are in the data center business, you’re faced with a long list of customer demands as businesses and entire industries move operations to the cloud. But you’re also facing an increasingly competitive landscape where offering the best service and greatest value is paramount. Balancing what you can offer customers and at what cost can be complicated, to say the least. An often overlooked service offering, one which provides a large value to customers at a low cost to providers, is Time as a Service (TaaS). pdf - 472 KB
Tuesday, April 21, 2015
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White Papers: Beyond GPS: A Multilayered Approach to Addressing PNT Vulnerabilities

The Global Positioning System is fundamental to the strength of American fighting forces. But GPS is vulnerable. One European Union study detected nearly 500,000 interference events in 23 countries from 2016 to 2019.

This white paper discusses options for deploying a range of interlocking and overlapping solutions. In this multilayered vision, existing and emerging technologies can be used to minimize threats.

Download white paper
Wednesday, November 4, 2020
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White Papers: A Master Clock Approach to Distributing Precision Time and Frequency Traditional time and frequency distribution is defined by splitting and amplifying a signal to as many devices as needed. The distribution amplifier became a mainstay in precision time and frequency systems. Today there is greater access to precision timing considering more clocks in space transmitting global navigation signals and more network connectivity able to maintain higher levels of timing accuracy. A new generation of master clocks is capable of leveraging these trends while offering flexibility to generate the signal types and quantities wherever needed. Distribution amplifiers can still be an important “brick” in the system to meet needs for redundancy, reliability and cost-efficiency. This white paper describes the issue of providing precise time and frequency signals of the type and quantity needed by the application using commercial-off-the-shelf devices from Spectracom. pdf - 652 KB
Friday, January 31, 2014
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White Papers: Tech Brief Resiliency in PNT: Cybersecurity This Orolia Tech Brief explores the basic steps for maintaining security using a network-connected time server and looks at different ways to achieve resiliency in PNT. As an example, we will start with our SecureSync® Time Server product line to demonstrate how to maintain security with this network-connected device. pdf - 351 KB
Friday, February 22, 2019
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White Papers: What Time is it? It’s a Matter of Trust Those in the business of measuring time are familiar with the saying, “If you have one clock, you know what time it is. If you have two, well…”. Time synchronization is the ability for all clocks to have the same time. But what time is it? If your time synchronization deployment uses time from the internet, your organization may be at risk. Official time provided by a GPS-based network appliance is a time source that you can trust. pdf - 399 KB
Friday, September 5, 2014
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White Papers: Protecting the U.S. Military From GPS Jamming and Spoofing White Paper Military forces need GPS to provide critical, precise information, but GPS is vulnerable and can be exploited. This white paper from C4ISRNET discusses how preparation and countermeasures can assure forces maintain critical capabilities. Download white paper
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
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White Papers: A Holistic Approach to Trusted, Resilient PNT Positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) services are indispensable, and providing trusted, resilient PNT solutions requires us to look beyond individual systems and methodologies to focus upon the user. An architecture that can meet this demand must include multiple systems with diverse technologies so that any single threat or source of disruption can be mitigated. This document discusses how signaling technologies such as GNSS, eLoran and STL are the complementary components of this architecture. pdf - 583 KB
Wednesday, May 9, 2018
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White Papers: Ligado and GPS Interference: What You Need to Know Now

Recent news about the FCC granting Ligado Networks new licenses to broadcast in the band adjacent to GPS has raised concern among many in the GPS community about the possibility of interference. Will GPS operations near Ligado ground transmitters be interrupted?

At Orolia, we support the position of the DOT, DHS and DOD and the measures they are taking to protect the GNSS band. However, interference is a fact of life in this band. GNSS signals are very weak, so additional measures must be taken for resiliency, especially for critical infrastructure.

Adversarial interference can be much worse than this, so a range of solutions are possible: From the simple – for example, a horizon blocking antenna that shields energy from a nearby tower – to full multi-layer defenses that include RF filtering, advanced DSP filtering/detection, alternative PNT from STL signals, atomic clock and IMU backup, and CRPA antennas. No one solution covers every case, but the problem can be managed.

pdf - 859 KB
Friday, August 14, 2020
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White Papers: What is a GPS Simulator? As GPS receivers are built into more mission-critical devices for difficult application environments, and designed with the emerging capabilities of a multitude of GNSS constellations and augmentation systems, developers and manufacturers need better ways to guarantee performance. That’s where a GPS simulator comes in. pdf - 99 KB
Monday, December 31, 2018
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White Papers: SmarTiming+ GPS/GNSS Disciplining Technology Whitepaper (Chinese) pdf - 635 KB
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White Papers: The Advent of Tightly Synchronized Clocks in Distributed Systems

The last decade has brought a paradigm shift in computing systems from single processor devices — whose performance plateaued — to distributed computing systems. In distributed systems, nodes execute concurrently with limited information about what the other nodes are executing at the moment. A key component of distributed coordination is the enforcement of consistent views at all nodes for the ordering of significant events. To this end, events are "timestamped" with logical counters or — increasingly lately — with tightly-synchronized physical time.

About the Author:

Murat Demirbas is a Professor of Computer Science & Engineering at University at Buffalo, SUNY. Murat received his Ph.D. from The Ohio State University in 2004 and did a postdoc at the Theory of Distributed Systems Group at MIT in 2005. His research interests are in distributed and networked systems and cloud computing. Murat received an NSF CAREER award in 2008, UB Exceptional Scholars Young Investigator Award in 2010, UB School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Senior Researcher of the Year Award in 2016. He maintains a popular blog on distributed systems at http://muratbuffalo.blogspot.com.

pdf - 192 KB
Friday, May 11, 2018
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White Papers: Why Accurate Time is Essential for Video Surveillance and Security Programs With IP-based video surveillance hardware, commercial and government security professionals can now significantly improve their security system’s efficiency, performance and functionality by leveraging modern networking technologies. However, as is the case with any network, time synchronization – where all clocks in cameras, access systems, recording equipment, and computers have the same time – is essential, not only to ensure proper operation of your surveillance systems, but also to ensure the credibility of legal evidence. pdf - 2 MB
Tuesday, October 15, 2019
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White Papers: Tech Brief Resiliency in PNT: GPS/GNSS Jamming and Spoofing Reliance on GNSS is now commonplace. However, all GNSS systems share a common vulnerability: their signals are very weak. GNSS satellites operate from Mid-Earth Orbit (MEO), approximately 20,000-25,000 km above the earth, to provide the best coverage and geometry for triangulation. As such, the transmitted signal is extremely weak upon arrival at the surface of the earth – so weak that it is weaker than the surrounding radio noise. Special signal processing techniques recover the GNSS signal from the background noise, but the weak signal strength at the user’s receivers makes GNSS navigation very susceptible to interference. pdf - 641 KB
Tuesday, July 2, 2019
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White Papers: Zone Based Indoor Location Using GNSS Simulators Signals from Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), are very weak and usually cannot be seen indoors or underground. A common method to overcome the problem of receiving GNSS signals indoors or underground is to use a GPS/GNSS repeater with an antenna located outdoors to receive the GNSS signals and an amplifier/antenna to re-transmit the signal indoors. This paper describes the technologies and methods for creating an intelligent repeater system including time synchronization at the nanosecond, microsecond, and millisecond levels, how each synchronization level affects the overall system and methods for achieving each, power level considerations including power level requirements between zones and how they affect transitions from one zone to another, data transfer and example system configurations. While GPS is primarily demonstrated and tested, the possibility for adding other GNSS constellations such as QZSS, BeiDou, Galileo, and GLONASS are also presented. pdf - 270 KB
Wednesday, November 18, 2015
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White Papers: Making Time Sensitive Networks Resilient Against Threats White Paper Today's time sensitive networks rely on available and accurate positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) signals to provide leaders with the information required to make timely and effective decisions. The proliferation of GNSS-degrading and denying devices across state and non-state actors put this critical information capability in jeopardy. Learn how a combination of alternative PNT signals with traditional GNSS references makes PNT applications resilient against jamming and spoofing. pdf - 3 MB
Friday, May 11, 2018
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White Papers: Resilient PNT: How to Detect, Protect and Prevent Disruption of GPS/GNSS/PNT Signals and Sources

For the last two decades, reliance upon GPS/GNSS for positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) by civilian applications has been an overwhelming success, providing increasingly accurate and reliable PNT information everywhere for free. However, in recent years, malicious threats have emerged that exposed the Achilles heel of GPS/GNSS: Its weak power and unencrypted signal format leave it vulnerable to jamming and spoofing. The loss of PNT information can result in rare but catastrophic events, crippling critical infrastructure that is necessary for our survival.

Fortunately, there are many alternative technologies available to augment GPS and provide accurate and reliable PNT information even under extremely adverse conditions. These include:

  • Low Earth Orbit (LEO) PNT satellite signals – operating close to the Earth, with signal strengths ~1000x stronger than GPS, to overcome jamming. And, encrypted to prevent spoofing.
  • Miniaturized, affordable atomic clocks to provide precise time internally – which is the foundation of every positioning system – without connection to, or reliance on, outside sources which could corrupt the precision.
  • Fiber optic network time distribution via secure, high accuracy protocols.

In this white paper, we will discuss these alternative technologies and offer recommendations for procedures and processes to manage and avoid the risks of cyberattacks, applying the best practices known today. We will focus on Resilient PNT and describe the strategies, technologies and procedures to avoid these cybersecurity risks and ensure the continuity of any critical operation.

pdf - 8 MB
Wednesday, September 2, 2020
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